The COP21 climate conference held in Paris in 2015 concluded a major agreement committing 195 states to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, drawing on the work of IPCC (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) experts and recognizing the impact of human activities on the evolution of the climate system. The ultimate ambition of the Paris Agreement is to limit man-made global warming to significantly below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to make efforts to even reach the 1.5°C target.
On 1 June 2017, in response to the United States’ decision to leave the Paris Agreement, the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel MACRON, called on researchers and teachers, entrepreneurs, associations and NGOs, students and the civil society to mobilize and join France in the fight against global warming. In July, this call was followed by Germany, illustrating thereby France’s and Germany’s desire to be at the forefront of the fight against climate change.
This has given rise to the “Make Our Planet Great Again” international research initiative (funded by the Secrétariat Général Pour l’Investissement (SGPI) and the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)), which is managed by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and l’Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) on behalf of all French research organizations, and by the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) in Germany. In the program, scientists are invited to do research on the functioning of the Earth system, climate change, sustainable development and energy transition. The global challenges are complex and intertwined by nature. While a thorough understanding of the Earth system is required, key issues such as global health, food, water and energy must also be studied from an ecological, biological, environmental, social, technological and economic perspective. The primary objective shall be to propose mitigation and adaptation strategies for societies, as provided for in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. This implies the development of high-level research teams, ranging from basic research projects to solution-oriented research projects, bringing together scientists with international scope. To answer those challenges, 55 projects combining foreign researchers and French and German research teams were selected.
This conference officially launches the “MOPGA” program in France and Germany.
This RPP, launched in 2017, was renewed in 2018.